Early Nutrition and Lifestyle Factors: Effects on First Trimester Placenta

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Pregnancy and diet

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Log In. Don't have an account? Sign Up. Update your profile Let us wish you a happy birthday! Add your birthday. Buy it Again. Make sure to buy your groceries and daily needs Buy Now. Let us wish you a happy birthday! Again, your health care provider can prescribe a prenatal vitamin that contains the right amount of folic acid. Some pregnancy health care providers even recommend taking an extra folic acid supplement, especially if a woman has previously had a child with a neural tube defect.


If you're buying an over-the-counter supplement, remember that most multivitamins contain folic acid, but not all of them have enough to meet the nutritional needs of pregnant women. So, be sure to check labels carefully before choosing one and check with your health care provider. It's important to drink plenty of fluids, especially water, during pregnancy. A woman's blood volume increases dramatically during pregnancy, and drinking enough water each day can help prevent common problems such as dehydration and constipation.

The U. Department of Health and Human Services recommends at least minutes that's 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week if you're not already highly active or doing vigorous-intensity activity.

If you are very active or did intense aerobic activities before becoming pregnant, you may be able to keep up your workouts, as long as your doctor says it's safe. Before beginning — or continuing — any exercise routine, talk to your doctor. Exercising during pregnancy has been shown to be very beneficial. Regular exercise can help:.

Low-impact, moderate-intensity exercise activities such as walking and swimming are great choices. These are low-impact and they work on strength, flexibility, and relaxation. But you should limit high-impact aerobics and avoid sports and activities that pose a risk of falling or abdominal injury.

The First Trimester

These include contact sports, downhill skiing, scuba diving, and horseback riding. It's also important to be aware of how your body changes. During pregnancy, your body makes a hormone known as relaxin. It's believed to help prepare the pubic area and the cervix for the birth. The relaxin loosens the ligaments in your body, making you less stable and more prone to injury. So, it's easy to overstretch or strain yourself, especially the joints in your pelvis, lower back, and knees.

Also, your center of gravity shifts as your pregnancy progresses, so you may feel off-balance and at risk of falling. Keep these in mind when you choose an activity and don't overdo it. Whatever type of exercise you choose, make sure to take lots of breaks and drink plenty of fluids.

  • Your First Prenatal Visit.
  • Diabetes in Pregnancy?
  • Tools and Resources?
  • What disorders can affect the placenta during pregnancy?;
  • Diffraction effects in semiclassical scattering?
  • Tort.
  • Effects on First Trimester Placenta.

Slow down or stop if you get short of breath or feel uncomfortable. If you have any questions about doing a sport or activity during your pregnancy, talk to your health care provider. It's important to get enough sleep during your pregnancy. You'll probably feel more tired than usual. And as your baby gets bigger, it will be harder to find a comfortable position when you're trying to sleep.

Pregnancy Fitness and Food: You Don’t Need to Eat for Two - Kaiser Permanente

Lying on your side with your knees bent is likely to be the most comfortable position as your pregnancy progresses. It also makes your heart's job easier because it keeps the baby's weight from putting pressure on the large blood vessels that carry blood to and from your heart and your feet and legs. Lying on your side can also help prevent or reduce varicose veins, hemorrhoids, and swelling in your legs. Some doctors specifically recommend that pregnant women sleep on the left side. Because one of those big blood vessels is on the right side of your abdomen, lying on your left side helps keep the uterus off of it.

Lying on your left side helps blood flow to the placenta and, therefore, your baby. Ask what your health care provider recommends.

In most cases, lying on either side should do the trick and help take some pressure off your back. For a more comfortable resting position either way, prop pillows between your legs, behind your back, and underneath your belly. When you're pregnant, what you don't put into your body or expose your body to is almost as important as what you do. Here are some things to avoid:. Although it may seem harmless to have a glass of wine at dinner or a mug of beer out with friends, no one has determined what's a "safe amount" of alcohol to consume during pregnancy.

One of the most common known causes of mental and physical birth defects, alcohol can cause severe abnormalities in a developing fetus. Alcohol is easily passed along to the baby, who is less equipped to eliminate alcohol than the mother. That means an unborn baby tends to develop a high concentration of alcohol, which stays in the baby's system for longer periods than it would in the mother's. And moderate alcohol intake, as well as periodic binge drinking, can damage a baby's developing nervous system. If you had a drink or two before you even knew you were pregnant as many women do , don't worry too much about it.

National Institute of Nutrition, India

But your best bet is to not drink any alcohol at all for the rest of your pregnancy. Pregnant women who use drugs may be placing their unborn babies at risk for premature birth, poor growth, birth defects, and behavior and learning problems. And their babies could also be born addicted to those drugs themselves.

If you're pregnant and using drugs, a health clinic such as Planned Parenthood can recommend health care providers, at little or no cost, who can help you quit your habit and have a healthier pregnancy. If you've used any drugs at any time during your pregnancy, it's important to inform your health care provider. Even if you've quit, your unborn child could still be at risk for health problems. Pregnant women who smoke pass nicotine and carbon monoxide to their growing babies. The risks of this include:.

If you smoke, having a baby might be the motivation you need to quit. Talk to your health care provider about options for kicking the habit. High caffeine consumption has been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage, so it's probably wise to limit or even avoid caffeine altogether if you can. If you're having a hard time cutting out coffee cold turkey, here's how you can start:. And remember that caffeine is not limited to coffee. Many teas, colas, and other soft drinks contain caffeine.